The Death of the Overworked and Underpaid
Workers who have died on the job, the labor movement and how many people died during, and possibly the death of a time when workers are treated unfairly the Carnegie steel union and the shootout graph:

    • Labor Day celebrates the “creation of the labor movement and the achievements of American workers.”
    • May 1894 – reduced demand for railway cars triggered Chicago railway industrialist George Pullman to lay off workers and lower wages, initializing workers to go on strike and the American Railway Union to boycott Pullman cars, hindering commerce in America
    • American workers were upset about their limited opportunities and poor treatment from owners of their respective industries
    • June 1894 – Congress passed legislation to make the first Monday of September a day to recognize workers
    • July 1894 – President Grover Cleveland sent federal troops to Chicago to crush the strike, leading to riots by citizens. The troops fought back and riots increased, leaving dozens dead.
    • Fall 1894 – order restored and American Railway Union leader Eugene Debs was convicted of defying a court order and sent to prison
    • 19th century-early 20th century – Many Americans worked 84 hours per week, causing thousands of strikes against dangerous and inhumane workhours, many dying in the process
    • 1938 – Fair Labor Standards Act passes, establishing minimum wage and the 40-hour workweek
    • 1791 – the first strike for 10-hour days
    • 1827 – carpenters strike in Philadelphia for 10-hour days to help spread out their work evenly throughout the year
    • After the Civil War – workers started demanding 8-hour days, sparking a national movement
    • 1868 – eight states pass 8-hour workdays and Congress gave 8-hour workdays to federal workers, even though most people still worked longer than 10 hours a day plus Saturdays
    • May 1886 – labor leaders called for a general strike in support of the 8-hour workday; seven police officers and four civilians died from a bomb thrown to disperse a crowd of protesters, ensuing gunfire; hundreds were arrested in the days that followed, eight were prosecuted for conspiracy and sentenced to death
    • 2/3 of American workers work at least 40 hours per week
    • 25% of American workers work longer than 40 hours per week
    • 7% of American workers work more than 60 hours per week (Bureau of Labor Statistics)
    • 7% of Americans said they would be willing to work fewer hours, even if it meant earning less money (Current Population Survey in 2001)